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The impact of remote work on wage and hour laws

On Behalf of | May 1, 2024 | wage and hour claims

Remote work has reshaped the landscape of many industries, and the implications for wage and hour laws are significant.

As employees move from office settings to home offices, both employers and workers must navigate new legal waters.

How remote work challenges traditional laws

Traditionally, wage and hour laws were designed with in-person work environments in mind. These laws cover issues such as overtime pay, minimum wage and recordkeeping for hours worked. Remote work introduces complications in tracking hours and determining work boundaries, making compliance with these laws a challenge.

For instance, when employees work from home, it can become difficult for employers to monitor work hours effectively. This leads to potential issues with unpaid overtime. Workers might start earlier, end later, or work intermittently throughout the day beyond their scheduled hours without proper compensation.

Setting boundaries in the remote workplace

To adapt, companies must establish clear guidelines that define work hours and ensure compliance with labor laws. This might involve using digital tools to log hours worked or setting stricter start and end times for the workday. Employers also need to educate employees on their rights and responsibilities under the law to prevent violations that could lead to lawsuits.

Impact on overtime regulations

Remote work can also blur the lines around what constitutes “overtime.” Since employees are not leaving an office, they might work extra hours without clear records, raising legal questions about overtime pay. Employers need to adapt their policies to clearly define what counts as overtime in a remote setting and ensure they compensate employees accordingly.

State-specific challenges

Moreover, as remote work allows employees to work from different states, employers must be aware of varying state laws regarding wages and hours. A company must comply with the labor laws of the state where the employee works, not just where the company is headquartered. This requires a good understanding of the nuances of state laws, which may differ significantly in terms of minimum wage rates and overtime rules.

Looking ahead

As remote work continues to evolve, so too will the legal frameworks that govern it. Both state and federal lawmakers may need to update or create new laws that address the unique challenges of remote work. Employers must stay informed about these changes to avoid legal pitfalls and ensure fair treatment of employees.


This evolving landscape highlights the need for ongoing dialogue between lawmakers, employers and employees to ensure that wage and hour laws remain relevant and effective in the new age of work.